Question

Find cube root of \sqrt[3]{55+63\sqrt{2}}



Collected in the board: Cube root

Steven Zheng posted 5 hours ago

Answer

Let

55+63\sqrt{2} = (a+b\sqrt{2})^3

55-63\sqrt{2} = (a-b\sqrt{2})^3

in which a and b are positive

Addition of the two equations gives

(a+b\sqrt{2})^3+(a-b\sqrt{2})^3 = 110

Factoring the LHS using sum of cubes formula.

2a[(a+b\sqrt{2})^2+(a-b\sqrt{2})^2-a^2+2b^2)=110

a(2a^2+2b^2\cdot 2 - a^2+2b^2) = 55

a^3 + 6ab^2 = 55
(1)

Multiplying the two equations gives

(55+63\sqrt{2})(55-63\sqrt{2}) = (a+b\sqrt{2})^3 (a-b\sqrt{2})^3

Simplify the equation using difference of square formula

(a^2 - b^2\cdot 2)^3 = 55^2 - 63^2\cdot 2=-4913

Taking cube root gives

a^2-2b^2 = -17
(2)

A system of equations is obtained from (1) and (2)

\begin{cases} a^3 + 6ab^2 &=55 \\ a^2-2b^2 &=-17 \end{cases}

Solving the equation yields

a = 1, b=3

Therefore,

The cube root of

\sqrt[3]{55+63\sqrt{2}}=\sqrt[3]{(1+3\sqrt{2})^3}=1+3\sqrt{2}

\sqrt[3]{55-63\sqrt{2}}=\sqrt[3]{(1-3\sqrt{2})^3}=1-3\sqrt{2}


Steven Zheng posted 5 hours ago

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